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Overview         (For age - group : Above 16 )

School science animation " States of matter " : Matter can be broadly categorized into solid, liquid or gaseous state, what is it that makes the matter remain in one of these state, this animated science topic gives in-depth information about states of matter.

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Category : Science
Type : Animation
Total animation length: 13 minutes
(It is a subset of matter animation)

The animation covers:
What are the different states of matter?
Why do solids have definite shape and volume?
Why liquid do not have definite shape ?
Why gases have neither definite shape nor volume
Everything explained on the basis of molecular structure

More about matter in explanatory notes:
1. Are there any other states of matter besides solids, liquids and gases?
2. Why density of ice is less than that of water?
3. What are the forces involved in the binding of matter?

Gaseous state of matter

Solids have densely packed atoms

Gaseous state of matter
Solids have densely packed atoms

types of solids

A matter in solid form occurs in various shapes and sizes

A liquid takes the shape of the container in which it is put

A liquid takes the shape of the container in which it is put
Details of the animation/ movie /software

Depending upon the condition of temperature, pressure and its own nature. Matter can be broadly classified into three states namely solid, liquid and gaseous state

Matter in the solid state has both a definite volume and a definite shape. The wood block is solid. A solid has a certain size and shape. The wood block does not change size or shape. Other examples of solid are the computer, the desk, and the floor. The molecules of a solid are closely packed. There is little space between them. As such they cannot move freely from one place to another (translation motion) nor can they rotate (rotational motion). They can only vibrate (vibrational motion) to and fro about their fixed position.

Matter in the liquid state has a definite volume but no definite shape, it takes on the shape of whatever container it is placed in; Milk is a liquid. It has volume. Volume means it takes up space. But milk doesn't have a definite shape. It takes the shape of its container.

Matter in the gaseous state has neither a definite volume nor a definite shape and expands to fill any container.
You can't see oxygen. It's invisible. It is a gas. A gas is matter that has no shape or size of its own. Most gases have no color.

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Q & A
Q1: Describe the solid state if matter and give an example besides ice Lili 6/1/2013
Q2: what is a gesous state tanujachadolia 27/5/2012
Q3: if K,L etc are shells around the nucleus, then how s,p,d or f subshells are located in these? Asadali 30/12/2010
Q4: Why some compounds directly change to gas without being changing into liquid' Asadali 29/12/2010
Q5: experiment to show that gases expand on heating. ramesha 10/11/2010
Q6: two illustrations to show that heat is a type of motion. ramesha 10/11/2010
Q7: why LPG gas is in liquified state why not in gaseous state bhavika 7/7/2010
Q8: application of pressure in solid liquid and gas in daily life sourav agarwal 13/5/2010
Q9: name some substance which like water & paraffin wax can easily be found in its 3 staes (solid ,liquid & gas). kamalika dutta 13/5/2010
Q10: how can you decribe the shape of liquid in each container Jonah A. Bohol 1/12/2009
Q11: conversion of liquid LPG to gas state is a physical or chemical change? sai 28/11/2009
Q12: what is difference between liquid,solid&gas? sathya ram kumar 17/11/2009
Q13: An example of state of matter (iquid solid and gas) in the human body Elba 6/10/2009
Q14: is high KE a solid, liquid, gas, or plasma courtney 5/5/2009
Q15: what is the process of matter changing states solid to liquid to gas at the molecular level redet 23/2/2009
Q16: Is it true that if we eat bubble bum and cut an onion at the same time we will have no tears umesh 20/2/2009
Q17: In how many physical states, matter can be classified ? rakesh chabdra 26/12/2008
Q18: Describe the volume of each state of matter, if the matter is placed in a container ANGIE 24/11/2008
Q19: Describe the gas state of matter and give an example. Try to think of a different one than air and watervapor. Nhi 28/10/2008
Q20: Describe the solid state of matter and give an example besides ice. Nhi 28/10/2008
Q21: change state of matter hani 19/10/2008
Q22: how the solid form into gas? michael jones 1/9/2008
Q23: Hi can please tell me the physical state of matter in the sun? Is it liquid,gaseous,solid,etc?? I am confused! Aiswarya 25/7/2008
Ans: Sun is in gaseous and plasma state - in the outer layers it is the gases that are predominant in the core it is the plasma state - where atoms break up into ions due to intense pressure, heat and gravity
Q24: under ordinary conditions of temperature and pressure, the particles in a gas are? Julia 20/5/2008
Ans: Particles are in more or less random motion, and are normally greatly separated also will diffuse readily, spreading apart in order to homogeneously distribute itself throughout any container.
Q25: How do i change petroleum from liquid state to gaseous state? Chewenru 16/4/2008
Q26: What is CNG and LPG? Jack 13/2/2008
Ans: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is a substitute for gasoline (petrol), propane or diesel fuel. CNG is considered an environmentally clean alternative to those fuels. CNG is made by compressing purified natural gas which is mainly composed of methane (CH4)), by about 75% and is typically stored in hard containers. Liquefied petroleum gas (also called liquefied petroleum gas, liquid petroleum gas, LPG) is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases used as a fuel in heating appliances and vehicles. LPG is manufactured during the refining of crude oil. LPG is widely used as a "green" fuel for internal combustion engines as it decreases exhaust emissions.LPG mixes that are primarily propane, mixes that are primarily butane, and the more common, mixes including both propane (60%) and butane (40%).
Q27: Does fuel in gaseous stae cost more or in liquid state? Benedict 24/1/2008
Ans: Fuel in liquid state example gasoline costs more than fuel in gaseous state example CNG, LPG
Q28: do liquids change size? why or why not? k j 6/12/2007
Ans: I guess you are referring to shape, liquids take the shape of whatever container they are in but retain their volume, this shape changing characteristics of liquid is because their molecules are spaced far apart and mutual attraction is low, this makes them take the shape of any container they are put in whereas in case of solids the mutual force of attraction between molecules is high hence solids retain their shape.
Q29: What is solid to gaseous state called Srikanth 25/11/2007
Ans: Sublimation
Q30: How can I get these animation free? MUHAMMAD MUSLIM 15/11/2007
Ans: We are sorry but you will have to subscribe to view any animation, it is a small amount so why not try it ?
Q31: why do solid, liquid and gaseous water have different ability to store energy upon heating? what is different in these 3 states Amit Kumar 12/9/2007
Ans: It is based on bonds and increasing motion of molecules. Solids can absorb more energy than liquid or gases for example 1 kg of water will boil at 100 degree Celsius while a 1 kg of iron remains solid at that temperature, because iron has very closely packed atoms with strong bonds the energy supplied only makes them vibrate faster while those of water break their bonds and convert to vapor at the same temperature.
Q32: why is it that the molecules of gas is far from each other? david john 7/8/2007
Ans: In a gaseous state, the molecular speeds are much higher than other states so even if they collide they get separated from each other due to kinetic energy, this ensures that the inter-molecular distance remain large. In case of liquid, the speeds are much lower hence; they are attached to each other when they collide. Visualize this by a slow metal ball hitting a magnet as compared to high speed one, which has better chance of sticking? The slower one!
Q33: Gases have no definite shape or volume compared to solids and liquids. Why? nafi 10/6/2007
Ans: The molecules of the gases are far apart from each other and move independently, while those of a solid are held together due to strong attractive force giving them some structure. If the same gas is frozen to low temperatures its molecules lose energy and come nearer due to attraction to produce a shape, CO2 becomes a solid (called dry ice) at -78.5 deg C. It attains a shape. In its gaseous form, it takes the shape of its container. It has no volume either because of independent molecules.
Q34: Why does sugar dissolves quick in hot water than cold water???? Alfa 26/5/2007
Ans: In hot water the molecules of liquid water possess very high kinetic energy ( kinetic energy is linked to temperature) and when they collide with Sugar molecules they are easily able to break the chemical bonds, and the sugar dissolves in water, in cool water since the energy of H2O molecules is lesser a number of collisions are required before dissolution of sugar can take place. refer our concept of heat animation
Q35: Explain about Boyle's & Charle's law Manee 4/5/2007
Ans: Boyle’s law: if the quantity of an ideal gas is fixed then under the condition of constant temperature the product of its pressure and volume are constant or volume is inversely proportional to the pressure, as one increases another decreases. It is checked by changing volume and finding pressure. Charles law: if pressure is kept constant then change in volume is proportional to change in temperature in kelvins. So, if we cool a gas then we find its volume decreases and it expands on heating.
Q36: what are the properties of gas? Claudine 6/3/2007
Ans: There are many properties 1) Physical Properties: Molecular Weight, Compressibility / Expandability, volume (m3), density (kg/m3) (under constant pressure and temperature), melting and boiling point (in deg C), Specific gravity 2) Mechanical Properties: Bulk modulus (Gpa) and viscosity (Pa-s) and kinematics viscosity (m2/s). 3) Acoustic property like velocity of sound (in m/s) 4) Heat capacity at constant pressure and Volume (Cp, Cv), Thermal conductivity 5) Solubility in water.
Q37: how do i change a gaseous state to a liquid state chrisman1oo 30/1/2007
Ans: Vapor is either cooled or compressed by increasing pressure or a combination of both processes is used to condense it to a liquid. A simple experiment can be exhaling on a mirror or steel. Your hot breath meets cool surface of glass and condenses to form a thin film of liquid. Compression is also used for liquefying oxygen for industry purpose and hydrocarbons so that they can be used as fuel. I am not sure whether this answers your question, please let me know .
Q38: What is the change of state of matter of an egg turning from liquid to solid by BOILING? Can an egg turn to gas state? Liza 8/10/2006
Ans: A phase change is a change from one state (solid / liquid / gas) to another without “a change in chemical composition”. When boiling an egg, the proteins bonds change coagulate as heating “changes the protein bonds”, thus the chemical composition of egg changes hence being irreversible it is not a phase change. Contrary to that melting of ice or wax to a liquid is a reversible process. Not only egg any organic matter can be directly vaporized, when suddenly put in high temperatures.
Q39: why does liquids change to gaseous on heating? menaka 30/9/2006
Ans: In the liquid state the molecules are closely bound to each other by attractive forces and move much slower as compared to gas, as heating proceeds the energy supplied to bonds breaks them and the speed of molecules keeps on increasing till they become free of each other and spread out to occupy a larger volume this is the gaseous state.
Q40: How can you prove that solids have defenit volume? menaka 30/9/2006
Ans: Keep a solid in empty containers having different sizes or volumes, check the volume (or density) of solid after each placement. You will find it is the same. For measuring the density use the liquid displacement found in most 8 th grade books or on our site.
Q41: what is the difference between balanced & un balanced chemical equation? menaka 30/9/2006
Ans: A balanced equation is like a cooking recipe with quantity of reactants spelled out clearly on the left side and that of products on the right hand side. The total mass of reactants must equal the total mass of products. An unbalanced one gives the identity of the reactants and products with the formulas (as well as the operating conditions of temperature, physical state and pressure) but does not give the quantities involved. H2 + O2 --> H2O instead of balanced 2H2 + O2 --> 2H2O
Q42: why are solids hard ? menaka 27/9/2006
Ans: In solids the atoms are tightly bound together by bonds, this gives a rigidity to the structure, the close packing of atoms in a small volume ensures that solids are hard.
Q43: When I blow up a tyre, i am forcing more air into the tyre. Will the pressure in the tyre increase or decrease? Why? Lam 16/9/2006
Ans: Increase, pressure at molecular level is the collision between molecules and the tyre. More molecules of air being introduced mean more collisions and higher pressure
Q44: Why do the railway lines have to be laid with gaps between the rails? EL 16/9/2006
Ans: To provide for expansion due to heat, refer our effects of thermal expansion animation
Q45: Why do the particles move faster when the temerature increase? Lam 6/9/2006
Ans: Particles move faster when energy input to the system increases, this in turn increases the average kinetic energy of the particles and is reflected in enhanced translatory, vibratory and rotational motion of the particles, temperature is a measure of this increase not the cause.
Q46: we want more information sankeerth 6/7/2006
Ans: You can refer to "Matter" or "Physical properties of matter" on our site
Q47: please if you have animation about the thermal conductivity or thermal diffusivity anan hayek 6/7/2006
Ans: Yes we have, check "Conductivity of materials" under Physics>Heat>Properties or go to this link
Q48: describe an experiment to show that gases expand when heated yvonne 4/7/2006
Ans: Take a dry and empty plastic water bottle and place the plastic screw cap inverted on the rim so that it covers the opening of the bottle completely. Now carefully put the base of bottle in a saucer or vessel containing hot (but not boiling water), the cap will starts vibrating before falling off. Be careful when handling hot water.
Q49: what is solid state of matter? nashri 9/3/2006
Ans: It is a phase of matter that is characterized by resistance to change - to volume and to deformation by pressure. It represents crystalline states where orderly arrangement of atoms are there and amorphous states where disorderly but rigid structures exist.

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