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Overview         (For age - group : Above 16 )

Fully animated ‘Virus - Penetration’ covers the virus penetration through plasma membrane and description of various methods of penetration used by enveloped and non-enveloped viruses.

Product - Animation
  Size/Time Subscribe Preview / Trailer
Size (KB) 10644 US$    3.00 Rs. 192.00
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Subscription Days = 30 Watch a preview (opens in separate window)
Time (hr:min:sec) 0:41:0
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This animation has audio.This animation contains sound
Category : Virus Replication
Type : Animation with sound
Animation Type : Advanced

Total animation length
: 41 minutes


Watch combined preview    Watch Preview Animation
The animation covers :

  • Penetration process
  • Endocytosis for influenza, hepatitis B, adenovirus
  • Direct penetration of genome for circovirus, parovirus
  • Membrane fusion for HIV, herpes simplex virus
  • Phagocytosis
  • Pinocytosis
  • Clathrin mediated endocytosis
  • Clathrin independent endcytosis
  • Macropinocytosis
  • Caveolae mediated endocytosis
  • Lipid raft mediated endocytosis
  •  

    Snapshots         
    Watch combined preview Watch Preview Animation
    Virus attachment Virus Penetration Virus uncoating Virus synthesis
    Virus Assembly Virus Release Virus Replication
    Watch various movie clips related to Virus Replication. These are 1) Virus Attachment 2) Virus Penetration 3) Virus Uncoating 4) Virus synthesis 5) Virus Assembly Maturation 6) Virus Release 7) Virus Complete Reproductive cycle (replication). Click on the above thumbnails to go to the movie.
    Penetration enveloped
    Penetration of enveloped and non-enveloped viruses.
    Penetration herpes penetration influenza
    Penetration of herpes virus and influenza virus.
    Penetration phagocytosis penetration caveolae
    penetration vesicle
    Penetration by phagocytosis (left), caveolae mediated (top right) and vesicle (bottom right)
    Penetration clathrin mediated
    Clathrin mediated penetration.
    Details of the animation/ movie /software


    The animation starts by brief explanation of the virus replication cycle. It is covered under three main headings 1) Initiation of infection 2) Replication and the expression of the virus genome 3) Release of the mature virions from the infected cells.

    There are eight stages of virus replication these are 1) Attachment 2) Penetration 3) Uncoating 4) Gene expression 5) Genome Replication 6) Assembly 7) Maturation 8) Release

    Penetration : Penetration occurs almost instantaneously after attachment and is a next step for gaining entry into the cytoplasm by crossing the plasma membrane. The penetration process differs for different viruses.

    Penetration by the process of endocytosis is common to both enveloped and non-enveloped viruses. While some virus species can directly penetrate the plasma membrane and inject their genetic material into the cytoplasm, the majority of viruses enter cells via endocytosis. Direct penetration is observed only in non-enveloped viruses, membrane fusion is observed only in enveloped viruses. Some of the non-enveloped viruses like picornaviruses and phages are capable of directly injecting their genome into the host cell.

    Thus, penetration allows the viruses to deliver their genome into the host cells to initiate replication. Uncoating follows penetration. Except for viruses that release their genome at the plasma membrane, penetration and uncoating are simultaneous.

    The animation covers:

    • Penetration process
    • Endocytosis for influenza, hepatitis B, adenovirus
    • Direct penetration of genome for circovirus, parovirus
    • Membrane fusion for HIV, herpes simplex virus
    • Phagocytosis
    • Pinocytosis
    • Clathrin mediated endocytosis
    • Clathrin independent endcytosis
    • Macropinocytosis
    • Caveolae mediated endocytosis
    • Lipid raft mediated endocytosis

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    Buyers Feedback:

    Q & A
    Q1: I paid 2$ for subscription. How do I watch the viral penetration animation online may 7/9/2012
    Ans:
       
    Q2: Do you have about fijivirus animation? thithimar 19/4/2011
    Ans: No we do not have any animation on this virus
       
    Q3: I paid 45.00$ via paypal last night for virus penetration. How do I down load or watch the animation. Sridevi 2/2/2009
    Ans: We are sending you the animation separately by email
       


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